Sunday, February 12, 2006

INSTALLATION TIPS FOR LINUX:

Linux comes in various dirtibution (slang : 'distro').You can watch the rating of distro at http://distrowatch.com. You can get all information like downloading mirrors,documentation,forums etc from that website.There are about 100 distros informations with all sorts of statistics.

Steps before installation:
1) Download the CD's (ISO image) of the distros.
2) Burn those ISO image.
3) Go to their documentation website (you can get information about the installation from distros home page).
4) Start the installation.

During Installation you might learn some new terms like SWAP,Partioning,Bootloader,GRUB,LILO etc.I know, you know about these terms but let me explain it for those who are not familiar.

==> KDE and GENOME :
These are just "Free Software graphical desktop environment for Linux". KDE stands for "K Desktop Environment". Both are equally featured but still most of the guys prefer to use KDE. So if during installation control center (YAST in Suse) ask for choosing one of these choose KDE (or genome based on your choice).

==> md5 :
In linux, Its a way to check that if CD you have downloded is correct or not. All cd's are automatically checked during installation using md5. It is the surity that it contains all the files and folders which is neede during installation.
Basically it is hashing technique that creates 128-bit message digest.Name comes from the same "message digest".

==> SWAP :
Swap space is a portion of a hard disk drive (HDD) that is used for virtual memory. Keep it about 200-250 MB.

==> Mounting:
A file system can be "mounted" on your Linux system interactively or automatically at startup. Then the file system is just as accessible as any other file system on your computer.
e.g "/hda/dev12 is mounted on /windows/C" means that "You can now access /hda/dev12 (part of hardisk) from /windows/C".

==> Bootloader:
A small program that loads the operating system into the computer's memory when the system is booted and also starts the operating system.
Basically it gives you choices during startup of computer to which OS to boot.

GRUB/LILO : GRand Unified Bootloader is a multiboot boot loader which is most commonly used to allow dual-booting of two or more operating systems installed on a single computer.Silimar is the LILO only GUI is changed. LILO is more interactive and look beautiful.

==> YAST:
YAST is nothing but CONTROL CENTER in SUSE.

==> root:
Its the "superuser" in linux,which has all sorts of permission.You need to set the root password for root.

It can be accessed by using 'su' keyword.
$su -
$password: ********
$You are now working as root.

Better follow the instruction on internet on their official website than on anyother website while installing any distro because some information might be escaped on other websites.

WHICH DISTRO TO USE??
As a newbie I would suggest you to use "SUSE" or "Mandrake" because these distros are very easy to use and very much USER FRIENDLY.

I will soon explain what distro has what special properties. Just keep on updating yourself.

You can mail me personally at sansor@iitk.ac.in and can visit website which is daily updated by me http://www.geeksclass.tk or www.linux4u.co.nr

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